Instead, decide what the more important main ideas are and start with them. If you try to remember everything, including the small details, you might find yourself getting weighed down and confused. A decent understanding of the main ideas will get you a better grade than a deeper understanding of just a couple pages.
You may not have time for this but making a study plan is key! If at all possible, see if you can find an old test or study guide from the previous year. This means that you can deeply study what you know will be on the test rather than spreading yourself thin to memorize everything. You can see the format used and get comfortable with it. Your teacher is also a good resource for the test. See practice questions for all types of tests here.
Your brain performs more effectively a couple hours after you initially wake up. This means you should spend the time prior, eating and preparing everything for a study session, so you will use your optimal brain time for studying. By saving the more difficult portions to study at night, there is an increased chance that you will be both tired of studying and tired in general, resulting in less motivation.
Find a place with zero distractions. But the real key to studying on the spur of the moment is operating from an outline of the material to be covered. Make a personal study guide. For starters, many textbooks already have fairly good outlines. The text will often start the chapter with one, or the section headings themselves make good outlines. Either way, copy it out into your notes in a way that is suitable for you to understand.
And by copying, you should physically be writing the material down, not typing it.
Study Skills: Learn How To Study Geology
Also, try to eliminate any filler material in your notes that will distract you from the main ideas. The writing helps you to remember it, plus, it keeps all of your study in one area: How to study textbooks. Even if your textbook is not a great place to start for outlining, some people take very organized notes. These notes, when well done, are a good source for your outline, or in many cases, are already done in outline form. How to take notes. You can either make an outline as you make your notes, or use the textbook outline.
How to Study Geology
Add any additional material that you struggle with or definitely know will be on the test. Group your information and definitions that you need to remember together. Learning the different pieces and how they comprise the larger pictures will help you retain information at a more efficient rate. Once you have your outline completed, your study time can begin in earnest. Read through it once, just to get basic information. After that, reread it to make sure you understand all of the terms.
If you have time, use the outline to make some questions and put them on flashcards. Put the answers on the back. To truly understand the material for most tests through flashcards, you need at least 30 cards.
Some teachers will provide a study guide or set of questions for a test. If that is true in your case, then use them! Read through the outline once, just for basic information. Then, read it again and make sure you understand each term. If you are studying with someone, you can quiz each other by using the outline; make each heading into a question and try to answer them. If you are cramming for an exam, I would suggest studying solo instead of with a partner or group as they can slow you down, and be distracting.
Do this in such a way that all contents are in the form of points, and arranged in a logical order.
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It might even be smart to make another set of flash cards, with each point, in order, so you can quiz yourself with them. This method will take several hours of intense study. In short, dive into your studying instead of putting it off and ensure you reward yourself for your good habits. Positive reinforcement can do wonders for a worried mind. Imagine the following scenario: You sit down with your textbook, crack it open to the appropriate section, give it a read-through and then call it quits.
By knowing what key information is important to absorb and what can be discarded, you might find yourself scoring better and wasting less time fretting over unimportant details.
Refer to the end of your source material for its summary of what you should have learned from the chapter before setting out to read. According to cognitive psychology, there is a big difference between deep and shallow learning. Deep processing of information stimulates long-term memory, while shallow processed information will only be remembered in the form of words without meaning.
Sleep is crucial for brain function and plays a key role in the consolidation of memories. In geology, your textbook also serves as a daily reference resource for lectures and labs. It's very common for teachers and professors to routinely reference diagrams and tables found in your textbook as they lecture or conduct lab. As your teacher lectures, follow along in textbook using the diagrams and photos presented to help you better understand what is being discussed.
During labs, you'll use your textbook as a reference guide for completing exercises and experiments.
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As you listen to lectures and complete lab exercises, highlight diagrams, photos and tables that are referenced as they could easily appear on future quizzes and exams. There are many benefits to forming a study group and meeting with your group each week. Study groups are particularly beneficial for reviewing and learning challenging concepts, enhancing learning, developing presentations and studying for exams. Study groups provide the following benefits. So how do you develop an effective study group? Effective study groups share the following characteristics. Prior to each study session, the group should discuss what they hope to achieve during the session.
All group members should arrive prepared and every member should actively participate in each study session.
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- It takes time.
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To learn more about forming effective study groups you can read Using Study Groups. There are plenty of facts and definitions you'll need to acquire in order to learn geology, but don't get caught up in the thick of the thin. While important, facts and definitions do not define geology. To really learn geology, focus on learning the primary processes associated with each major subject first. Then learn the key terms and concepts associated with each process.
Focusing your initial studies on geological processes takes a top down approach to learning geology. First you gain an understanding of the big picture, then you can see how individual concepts, facts and definitions fit into place. Using this method for learning and studying geology also makes it easier to understand and remember facts and definitions, as they're acquired within the context provided by an understanding the bigger picture.
It's a given, but we'll say it again. Don't wait until the night before to start studying for your exam. If you've completed all assignments on time during the semester, attended all lectures and labs, read your textbook, and taken good notes, we recommend that you start reviewing a week prior to exams.
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- How to study a lot in a short period - or how to cram.
- Find old tests.
- Preparing for Tests and Exams | Learning Skills Services;
- How to Achieve the Best Grades Possible With Minimal Stress!
This should give you plenty of time to refresh your memory and make sure you understand all major processes and concepts discussed throughout the semester. As tempting as it may be to cram, don't do it. Staying up late the night before an exam reviewing material causes you to loose precious sleep and usually doesn't lead to better test performance.
Don't procrastinate your exam prep to the last minute, and the night before the exam make sure to get a good nights rest. Labs are an important part of many geology courses, especially those offered at the college level. They're also an effective means for learning geology and an important part of your grade — so take them seriously. Below are some tips for geology labs. How to Study Geology Geology is the study of the physical world we live in — the Earth and the processes that mold it.
It takes time No matter how you slice it, studying geology requires time. Attend class If you're in high school, where class attendance is required and role it taken, playing hooky may not be a temptation. Don't be afraid to ask questions Make clear, legible and accurate notes that you can use later.
Arrive to each class prepared, having reviewed your notes from the previous lecture and assigned textbook readings. Compare your notes with the notes from your classmates to make sure you captured all important concepts and information. Organize your notes by date, class, and subject, to facilitate review at a later time. Use symbols to abbreviate long words and use short phrases when possible to save time writing.