When the sun began to set on October 26th, the battle of Santa Cruz was over for all but one ship. Hornet , her crew having abandoned ship, refused to surrender to the sea, even as American destroyers fired torpedoes into her in attempts to send her to the bottom. It took torpedoes fired from Japanese ships that arrived on the scene after U. It is highly recommended that you arrive by 9: Practice airshows are subject to cancellation without prior notice.
The Battle of Santa Cruz. We're running a one question survey this month to decide what digital content you'd like to see on our website. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Learn more about Amazon Prime. A military history of the last serious carrier-versus-carrier campaign by the Japanese in World War II. The author presents a straightforward narrative, free of serious analysis. The volume is an expanded version of half of the author's Guadalcanal: The Carrier Battles and presents more of the human side of the story specifically the Allies' human side than was captured in his previous treatment.
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Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
Carrier duel in the South Pacific Campaign. Customers who bought this item also bought. Blue Skies and Blood: The Battle of the Coral Sea. Sponsored products related to this item What's this? The Korean War Trivia Book: This amazing book is packed with Korean War Trivia that you will be amazed to hear about.
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- Carrier Strike: The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands,October 1942.
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There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. I read Hammel's "Carrier Clash: I thought it strange that the Battle of Savo Island wasn't dealt with in any detail in that book, though that action was fairly significant at the time. Having said this, I think Hammel once again has written an outstanding book which will expand knowledge of the crucial Guadalcanal campaign. The detail he puts into the air battle in and around Guadalcanal and ultimately at Santa Cruz is trememdous The description of "Black Tuesday" Oct.
And sadly, the shortcomings of Vice Admiral Ghormley were laid bare so as to understand why Nimitz had to replace him with Rear Admiral Halsey. I agree with another reviewer that it would have been good to know of the travails of the crew of the Shokaku, which received perhaps 6 hits from American SBDs during this action. Clearly it was put out-of-action, but there is no coverage on the successful damage control efforts of the Japanese whereas there was plenty said of the efforts to save the Wasp and Hornet once they were mortally struck.
Interestingly enough, Shokaku was hit at Coral Sea it reportedly almost capsized on its way to Japan for repairs , was hit again at Eastern Solomons, then again at Santa Cruz. Obviously, this crew became quite adept at damage control. Shokaku was sunk by an American submarine right at the start of hostilities during that action--so much for superior damage control. On fire, the fourth damaged aircraft purposely crashed into the destroyer Smith , setting the ship on fire and killing 57 of her crew. The torpedo carried by this aircraft detonated shortly after impact, causing more damage. Smith then resumed her station, firing her remaining anti-aircraft guns at the torpedo planes.
The remaining torpedo planes attacked Enterprise , South Dakota , and cruiser Portland , but all of their torpedoes missed or failed, causing no damage. The engagement was over at However, only a few aircraft landed before the next wave of Japanese strike aircraft arrived and began their attacks on Enterprise , forcing a suspension of landing operations.
The dive bombers scored one near miss on Enterprise , causing more damage, and one hit each on South Dakota and light cruiser San Juan , causing moderate damage to both ships. Eleven of the 17 Japanese dive bombers were destroyed in this attack. It was now that the devastating losses sustained during these attacks became apparent.
We searched the sky with apprehension. There were only a few planes in the air in comparison with the numbers launched several hours before The planes lurched and staggered onto the deck, every single fighter and bomber bullet holed As the pilots climbed wearily from their cramped cockpits, they told of unbelievable opposition, of skies choked with antiaircraft shell bursts and tracers.
After several technical problems, Northampton finally began slowly towing Hornet out of the battle area at Hornet ' s crew was on the verge of restoring partial power  but at Although six of the torpedo planes missed, at With no power to pump out the water, Hornet was given up for lost, and the crew abandoned ship.
The third strike from Zuikaku attacked Hornet during this time, hitting the sinking ship with one more bomb. All of Hornet ' s crewmen were off by The last Japanese strike of the day dropped one more bomb on the sinking carrier at After being informed that Japanese forces were approaching and that further towing efforts were infeasible, Admiral Halsey ordered the Hornet sunk. While the rest of the U.
Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands - Wikipedia
After refueling near the northern Solomon Islands, the ships returned to their main base at Truk on 30 October. Both sides claimed victory.
Kinkaid's summary of damage to the Japanese included hits to a battleship, three heavy cruisers, a light cruiser, and possible hits on another heavy cruiser. The loss of Hornet was a severe blow for Allied forces in the South Pacific, leaving Enterprise as the one operational, but damaged, Allied carrier in the entire Pacific theater.
As she retreated from the battle, the crew posted a sign on the flight deck: The most significant losses for the Japanese Navy were in aircrew. Only 26 pilots and aircrew members were lost. By the end of the Santa Cruz battle, at least of the elite Japanese carrier aviators who had participated in the attack on Pearl Harbor were dead. Although the Japanese carriers returned to Truk by the summer of , they played no further offensive role in the Solomon Islands campaign.
Admiral Nagumo was relieved of command shortly after the battle and reassigned to shore duty in Japan. He acknowledged that the victory was incomplete:. Considering the great superiority of our enemy's industrial capacity, we must win every battle overwhelmingly in order to win this war.
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This last one, although a victory, unfortunately, was not an overwhelming victory. In retrospect, despite being a tactical victory, the battle effectively ended any hope the Japanese navy might have had of scoring a decisive victory before the industrial might of the United States placed that goal out of reach.
That victory cost Japan her last best hope to win the war. John Prados offers a dissenting view, asserting that this was not a Pyrrhic victory for Japan, but a strategic victory:. At its end the Imperial Navy possessed the only operational carrier force in the Pacific. The Japanese had sunk more ships and more combat tonnage, had more aircraft remaining, and were in physical possession of the battle zone In Prados' view, the real story of the aftermath is that the Imperial Navy failed to exploit their hard-won victory although it is unclear how Japanese forces could have done so with such crippling losses of trained air crews.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Austen Naval Savo Is.
A damaged Japanese dive bomber upper left dives towards Hornet at Breakdown of aircraft by type: The "" number doesn't include Boeing B Flying Fortresses based at Espiritu Santo who played a small part in the battle or any seaplanes in the area. Retrieved 21 September Known Japanese deaths are: Frank, Guadalcanal , pp.
Battleship North Carolina and destroyer O'Brien were also hit by torpedoes during the same attack. O'Brien later sank as a result of the torpedo damage, and North Carolina was under repair at Pearl Harbor until 16 November According to Hara, the Japanese believed that U. Navy forces were likely to be in the Solomon Islands area because they had read a report from the United Press dated 20 October that stated that the United States Navy was preparing for a major sea and air battle in the South Pacific.
Although Hammel says that it was a supply convoy, Parshall says that it was a bombardment force. Akizuki went to Japan for repairs, which were completed on 16 December This incident is usually considered a separate action from the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands.