Returning to the US, Demjanjuk was again denaturalized and deported to Germany in , where he was put on trial in and convicted in May , almost certainly the last man to be tried for his involvement in Aktion Reinhard. Our knowledge of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka does not, however, rest solely on judicial investigations. From the s onwards, journalists, freelance writers and documentary film-makers portrayed these camps using classic journalistic methods, interviewing survivors and perpetrators.
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From an even earlier stage, historians examined the Aktion Reinhard camps both in their own right and in the context of other aspects of the Holocaust. Documents were uncovered that had remained unknown to the earlier war crimes investigations; contemporary sources ranging from diaries and letters to the contents of Jewish underground archives, the intelligence reports of the Delegatura and Polish underground newspapers were edited and published. Some historians writing on Aktion Reinhard, like Wolfgang Scheffler, had served as an expert witness in the West German trials and produced no comprehensive overview.
At the same time, professional historians have not remained idle, most notably in Poland, where earlier discussions at conferences of the s  have given way to a fairly systematic research effort. The publication of the camps encyclopedia Ort des Terrors in the late s combined rather insubstantial entries based on secondary literature for Sobibor and Treblinka, written by the editors Barbara Distel and Wolfgang Benz, with a thorough description of Belzec written by the director of the Belzec Museum, Dr.
Further archaeological work is planned for Treblinka. Accumulating over time, our knowledge and understanding of the three camps — just as with any historical event — has deepened and been refined progressively. Moreover, this process will not stop any time soon. Quite aside from the prospect of further archaeological research, historians of the Holocaust are exceedingly unlikely to leave the subject of the Aktion Reinhard camps alone.
The results of the past two decades of research, especially since the end of the Cold War and the opening up of archives in Eastern Europe, have accumulated faster than they can be synthesised into a single work.
The time is ripe for a comprehensive monograph on the Aktion Reinhard camps, since our understanding of both the camps themselves as well as their context has changed considerably in the last quarter-century. Bemoaning its absence today would be to commit the single-study fallacy, and to ignore how the exact same issue confronts virtually every topic.
Research is ultimately no different to painting the proverbial Forth Bridge: Rediscovering a Hidden Archive from the Warsaw Ghetto. The Polish Government-in-Exile and the Jews, The Polish Government-in-Exile and the Jews University of North Carolina Press, Wood and Stanislaw M.
How One Man tried to Stop the Holocaust.
London, and Martin Gilbert, Auschwitz and the Allies. The University of Wisconsin Press, Was niemand wissen wollte, aber jeder wissen konnte. American Federation of Polish Jews, The account published here is identical with the information conveyed by David Milgroim, who escaped Treblinka in , via Slovakia in August Richard Breitman, Norman W.
Intelligence and the Nazis. Cambridge University Press, , pp. Sverdlov ed , Dokumenty obviniaiout. Duell, Sloan and Pearce, and also intended to be published in the suppressed Russian-language edition of the Black Book. Help to Write the History of the Latest Destruction!
- Hellboy Volume 12: The Storm and the Fury;
- Supplementary Information?
- Intellectual Disability Psychiatry: A Practical Handbook;
- Improvisation in C-sharp Minor, Op. 84, No. 5.
- Wefing, Heinrich.
Emergence, Challenges, Polemics and Achievements , Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, , pp. Rzecz o tym, co sie dzialo na obrzezach zaglady Zydow. Metropol, Berlin, , pp.
Leo Alexander and the Nazi doctors trial. Indiana University Press, , 2 nd expanded edition. The Hague, ; Michael S.
Bryant, Confronting the "Good Death": Nazi Euthanasia on Trial, University Press of Colorado, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, ; Hans H. Die Ermittler von Ludwigsburg. Munich, ; de Mildt, In the Name of the People. Record of Proceedings in the District Court of Jerusalem , Jerusalem , available online at http: Yale University Press, , pp.veronique-esthetique.fr/includes/map8.php
Das letzte Urteil
Nazi War Criminals in Canada , Toronto: University of Toronto Press, The Trial of John Demjanjuk. A Case Study in Legal Psychology. Das Leben, der Prozess, das Urteil. A third, more profound approach has conceptualized the trials as places where collective memory was assembled, configured, and shaped. This notion opens the debate to an analysis of how law and history on the one hand, jurisdiction, jurisprudence, and historiography on the other interact and how they impact on one another. The article compares and evaluates the benefits drawn from this research.
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It finds that historical analyses which take seriously the epistemological premises of the law as well as the courtroom's performativity manage to bypass well-trodden paths of interpretation which either deplore the limited, inadequate punishment meted out, or celebrate the triumphant march from Nuremberg to The Hague. The article concludes that such interdisciplinary readings help to avoid widespread disillusionment with the results of transitional trials.
Meanwhile, the historiography of human rights discourse has notably surged; e. Kennedy , Paul , The parliament of man: Geschichte der Menschenrechte im Deutschen Rechtshistorikertages Frankfurt , , pp. Buruma , Ian , The wages of guilt: The denazification programme affected much larger numbers than ever stood trial for statutory crimes; cf. Ferencz , Benjamin B. Criticism from another direction is formulated by Maguire , Peter , Law and war: Maguire sees Nuremberg as an exception from a traditionally pragmatic, opportunistic, and frequently chauvinistic US stance on multilateralism and limitations on warfare.
Barrett , John Q. Nuremberg —49 ; Nazi onspiracy and Aggression , 10 vols. Marrus , Michael R. Nazi euthanasia on trial, — Boulder, CO , , pp. Heller, Nuremberg , p. Nazi criminals and the Cold War Cambridge , Ahrens , Ralf , Die Dresdner Bank — Farbenindustrie AG in Liquidation: Werner Abelshauser's chapter in Gall , Lothar , ed.
Although solidly researched, Gausmann ignores recent literature and fails to address pertinent questions as to the self-stylization of the defendants. John and Zaide , Sonia M.
See also Brackman's , Arnold C. Futamura, War , pp. For the notorious Waldheim trials: