Males of this species keep a harem of females, and when the male dies, the alpha female of the harem switches sex, becoming a male herself. When I see parrotfish on the reef, I always get quiet and hold my snorkel breath for a few seconds. These fish are often mistaken for moorish idols when they are first sighted underwater. The pennant butterflyfish has a white body with two wide black vertical stripes, a yellow tail and dorsal fin, and another tall dorsal fin that trails like a pennant. Although they usually spend their time about 40 feet down, all you need to do to see them at Molokini Crater is put your face in the water.
Pennant butterflyfish are just below the surface. The black triggerfish looks simply black at first glance, but get closer and you are in for a wonderful surprise! There are gorgeous blue and green lines that radiate from their eyes at times, and if the fish turns sideways and you can see it catch the sunlight, the beauty and wonder of it will take your breath away! A neon blue line that looks like really cool caulking appears to attach their dorsal and caudal fins to the length of their bodies.
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As they swim, these football-shaped fish toss these fins with flair, as a flamenco dancer does her skirt. Black triggerfish, also known as black durgon, are often found just below the surface at Molokini Crater and Kahekili Airport Beach Park. They consume algae, plankton, and fish eggs. This energetic fish swoops just above the surface of the reef, flapping its pectoral fins rapidly to dive and turn all over the place. And then it will come back. And shortly it will be gone again, possibly to hunt for small invertebrates. When they are young, these fish are white with a black horizontal stripe down the middle.
If an adult grows up to be smaller in size, it has a major advantage: Who knew that fish ever lied about their age? Trumpetfish are one of the oddest-looking fish on the reef, at least by human standards. Long and thin when viewed from above, long and wide when seen from the side, and almost invisible when encountered face-to-face, these fish are superb hunters. They propel themselves slowly with fins located on the back of their body, and those are the only parts that move — besides their eyes, I surmise. Trumpetfish, which are normally gray but can become bright yellow or olive green, are super patient.
A fish for food, that is! The Hawaiian cleaner wrasse, like many locals, lives exclusively in the Islands. These small fish are tri-colored, with a black horizontal mark that starts out thin but gradually enlarges until it almost covers the tail end of the fish. From stem to stern, the colors move from bright yellow to purple to magenta. Cleaner wrasses set up shop at a specific spot on the reef.
The Hawaiian green sea turtle is an iconic living symbol of the Islands. While sea turtles generally swim at a slow pace, they can dash off extremely fast when they want to! Sea turtles are reptiles, and they breathe air at the surface. These turtles come up to breathe every few minutes when they are busy. At rest, they can stay below for up to two hours. When you see one — and if you go snorkeling in Hawaii, there is a very good chance that you will!
While you enjoy sharing space with such a graceful animal, never touch a honu, give them room to breathe, and let them swim whichever way they want to go. Thirty feet away is a safe rule of thumb — it keeps all species feeling on vacation. This overlapping does not occur in our more common Hawaiian green sea turtle. If you see an endangered hawksbill while snorkeling, it is an occasion worth celebrating, because this turtle is quite rare in Hawaii.
However, do not celebrate by releasing balloons, please. Deflated balloons are just one reason sea turtles have such problems near humans — they eat floating balloons that seem to be jellyfish, and afterwards they cannot dive or eat again, sometimes choke, and always die. Hawksbill turtles eat sponges as well as other invertebrates that live on the rocks.
Most hawksbill nesting sites are in the main Hawaiian islands, and these areas are vulnerable or already gone due to the development of beachfront properties. Totally cute turtle babies may be hatching soon! Spinner dolphins are extremely social, intelligent, and beautiful animals. They live in large groups called pods, resting together throughout the day and cooperatively hunting and feeding together at night. Spinners eat fish and squid, and no one knows exactly why they spin they way they do.
There are many theories, including a they do it for fun, b the spinning is a form of communication, and c the dolphins spin to shake off parasites or remoras. These dolphins are smaller and more slender than many other species, attaining an adult length of about 7 feet.
Find reef fish from pictures
The back of the dolphin is dark grey, the middle is a softer, lighter grey, and the lower third is a shade lighter than that. On the other flipper, when you see a spinner from below, their light grey belly blends in with the sunlight streaming in from above. Do not approach, try to swim with, or touch spinners in the water — they need their rest just as much as we do, if not more. When was the last time you spent 24 hours in the ocean?
They do it all day, every day! Your marine mammal respect is greatly appreciated. Spotted dolphins are sleek and powerful marine mammals. Their beaks are tipped with white, as if each dolphin once dipped tentatively into a tiny cup of milk. Speaking of milk, calves may nurse for up to two years, but they start eating solid food at around four months of age. Spotted dolphins enjoy eating fish and squid, leaping from the water, diving back into the water, and long walks on the beach.sis.wt.com.mx/prego/fairy/in-the-court-of-the-master-an-ordinary-mans-walk-with-an-extraordinary-god.php
Hawaii Fish & Marine Wildlife Information | Maui, Kauai, Big Island, Oahu |
A beached dolphin is not a good thing. Spotted dolphins who live in the Atlantic Ocean are the species hardest hit by the tuna trade, partially because they gather in such huge pods — sometimes up to individuals at a time! In Hawaii, these dolphins are generally found farther offshore than their cousins, the spinners. Humpback whales are one of the most incredible animals swimming in the ocean.
Humpbacks can grow up to 50 feet long, and adult females can weigh up to 50 tons. At birth, calves can weigh up to two tons and be as long as an SUV! These whales migrate thousands of miles every year, in almost a completely straight line. As they must handle oceanic currents, weather, and obstacles throughout their six week voyage, that is no small feat! The males sing wonderful complex songs each breeding season that are very hard to imitate. A one-of-a-kind insight to the world of working with all-women in the education field and with children A Blue Fish in a Sea of Pink.
A unique memoir of a male elementary school teacher's career working in a female dominated profession and all the joys, trials, and tribulations along the way. He feeds on fish such as sardines and pickarel. Gof Yelow tail — big blue fish. Color is silvery gray and grows up to centimeters and 52 kilograms. He is found in the Adriatic sea, but at least the northernmost part.
Lica Keer-fish — big blue fish. Color is pale silver, and grows up to 1 meter and 15 kilograms. Not very uncommon fish, and large specimens are rare. Known hunting area is around Split and the Neretva river delta, around Dubrovnik and Ulcinj. Gavun Smelt — whitefish. Belongs to the Atherinidae family. Color is dark green to clear ridge, a silvery down. He grows up to 15 centimeters and 0. He is spread along the entire Adriatic coast, a known hunting areas are all outlying islands , west coast, around the island Maona and the vicinity of Dubrovnik.
Pauk Sting-fish — whitefish. Belongs to the Trachinidae family.
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Color is yellowish brown with black markings and segmented points along the upper half of the body. Length is 40 centimeters and 1. Good hunting is around Vis, Lastovo, Mljet and Kornati and islands offshore side. It is recommended great caution in accepting the sting-fish because of its poisonous spine on the dorsal fins and gill flaps in which the sting is very painful. Belongs to the Gadidae family. His body is elongated and rather delicate structure, the spherical head and the more extensive.
He has a big mouth and sharp teeth, and scales are unusually small and delicate. He is very voracious, and feeds on fish and crustaceans. His color is grayish blue, and goes down into the white. He can grow up to 95 centimeters and 5 kilograms. Hake is the most common fish of the Adriatic sea , and the most dense settlements have greater depths in the southern Adriatic, from meters and the depth.
Lubin Base — whitefish. Belongs to the Serranidae family. He is very well known fish, and in a group of white fish occupies the most obvious place. His body is elongated and elegant lines, but the solid structure. His jaws are strong, and quite a big mouth and is very voracious and rapacious. Prefer to attack immature fish, especially young grig, smelt, mullet and the shrimp. Loves to eat human food and garbage, especially discarded viscera and fish heads. He grows up to 1 meter and 14 kilograms. Color is light gray, and down becomes whitish.
Living in small groups or individually, and is widespread along the coast, regardless of the type of bottom, salinity and water clarity. Belongs to the Scorpaenidae family. Color is ruddy brown and can grow up to 66 meters and 5 kilograms. When handling precautions should be observed because the spines sting is very painful. Ugor Sea eel — whitefish. Belongs to the Muraenoidei family. His body is a serpent, the tail laterally flattened, and wrapped with a layer of mucus, so it is hard to hand hold.
Sea eel is greedy, powerful and agile, he feeds on fish and cephalopods, and devours his own kind of specimens. The color of the upper half of the body is black, dark brown or dark gray, while the lower half becomes brighter. He can grow up to 2. Sea eel is a true benthic fish retained in the holes and crevices , under rocks and algae bored, and moved the sink in each case.
Widespread across the Adriatic from shallowest to the deepest areas, mostly on the coasts of Istria, the Kvarner islands and coasts of the island facing the open sea. Murina Murra — whitefish. The basic color is brown or yellowish, covered with dark, irregular spots winding. She can grow up to 1. The most common is near Hvar and south, and is considered as quite normal fish. She is retained along weedy banks and the marriages of the southern and middle Adriatic. She is very aggressive, and like a snake can swallow a large bite.
Her bite is horribly painful, and mucus she is very poisonous. Kirnja Dusky serranus — whitefish.
Color is dark chestnut brown, sometimes almost black. She grows up to 1. She can be found in the Adriatic sea but in the northern part so rare that it is virtually unknown. Kanjac Comber — whitefish. Color is ruddy brown or yellowish brown with transverse bands. He grows up to 34 centimeters and 0. He can be found in the Adriatic sea up to meters deepth, and is more abundant in the canals than in the open sea.
He is very harmful to the settlement lobsters because immature crabs are his main food. Pirka Lettered perch — whitefish. Her color is ruddy or rosy brown with transitions in the purple and blue with some brown transverse bands. She grows up to 28 centimeters and 0. Known hunting areas are in the inland canals of central Dalmatia , and widespread across the Adriatic sea, but only along the coastal part regardless of the type of bottom. She is very voracious and aggressive, and is detrimental to the village lobster.
Lettered perch is a hermaphrodite. List Common sole — whitefish. Belongs to the Soleidae family. It is pretty large family, of which this particular species is known. He has build a solid body with a highly developed skeleton.
He has flattened and asymmetrical body, small eyes and transverse mouth. Tail fin is poorly developed and the common sole is a very bad swimmer. Lives in colonies, but dispersed, and it is very difficult to find because they burrow into the soft seabed. He grows up to 50 centimeters and 1 kilograms, and feeds on crustaceans, worms and fish. His color is gray or brown. Lumbrak Crenilabre paon — whitefish. Belongs to the Labridae family. Males are gray-green with a rosy stripe along the sides and occasionally blue spots, while females are uniformly greenish gray.
He grows up to 44 centimeters and 0. Spread evenly along the coastal of the Adriatic sea, especially along the western coast of Istria. Crenilabre paon is the largest and most widespread fish in the Labridae family. Knez Rainbow-wrase — whitefish. His color is blue-green and the flanks of his orange stripes and blue ribbed black spot. He grows up to 25 centimeters and 0. He is more numerous with the offshore islands, is widespread along the coastal Adriatic. Keeps on rocky and coral or conchy bottom.