Conjugation of the verb stare
Transitive verbs may be followed by an object to complete their meaning "leggo la lettera" I read the letter I read what? I read the letter. With "essere", the past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject of the verb. The "imperfetto" descriptive-past tense is used to express a habit or an action that was frequently repeated in the past.
The "imperfetto" of regular verbs is formed by replacing the "-re" of the infinitive with the endings of the "imperfetto". Most of the "irregular verbs" are regular in the formation of the "imperfetto". The "trapassato prossimo" expresses an action that happened prior to the one expressed by another past tense: The "trapassato prossimo" is a "compound tense" like the "passato prossimo" because it is formed with one of the auxiliary verbs "essere" or "avere" plus the past participle of a verb.
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Whether it requires "essere" or "avere" depends on the verb. The conditional suggests, proposes, expresses a desire, a doubt, a gentle request or it expresses an action that could occur "on condition that I could have loved you The conditional of regular verbs is formed by replacing the ending of the infinitive with the endings of the conditional. Some verbs may be irregular in the conditional but not in the present conjugation or viceversa.
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It is a compound tense, therefore the auxiliary verbs avere and essere are used in conjugation. Note that the following conjugations are both irregular. The past participle is used with the verbs avere and essere to form the passato prossimo. To form the past participle, the ending of the verb -are, -ere, -ire are changed as follows:. To form the passato prossimo, you have to use avere or essere plus the past participle.
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Most verbs take avere for the passato prossimo; all reflexive verbs take essere and a few select verbs of motion take essere. First, you conjugate avere for the appropriate subject, then place the past participle after it. Note that almost all verbs are conjugated this way with the passato prossimo. The passato prossimo is generally conjugated with avere; however there are some situations in which essere must be used.
Many verbs of motion, and all reflexive verbs, require essere. And before we get to an example, there is just one other difference between essere and avere for the passato prossimo.
While in conjugations with avere, the past participle does not agree with the subject, it must in essere.