A few months ago a Contra force attacked the parish. They raped nurses and teachers, slaughtered doctors, in the most brutal manner. They behaved like savages.
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Please demand that the US government withdraw its support from this shocking terrorist activity. In war, innocent people always suffer. Pinter's lecture has been widely distributed by print and online media and has provoked much commentary and debate,  with some commentators accusing Pinter of "anti-Americanism". De Villepin praised Pinter's poem "American Football" stating: Poetry teaches us how to live and you, Harold Pinter, teach us how to live. Some scholars and critics challenge the validity of Pinter's critiques of what he terms "the modes of thinking of those in power"  or dissent from his retrospective viewpoints on his own work.
In , the Russian suppression of Eastern Europe was an obvious and brutal fact, but I felt very strongly then and feel as strongly now that we have an obligation to subject our own actions and attitudes to an equivalent critical and moral scrutiny. Pinter's aversion to any censorship by "the authorities" is epitomised in Petey's line at the end of The Birthday Party.
As the broken-down and reconstituted Stanley is being carted off by the figures of authority Goldberg and McCann, Petey calls after him, "Stan, don't let them tell you what to do! Never more than now. As Pinter's long-time friend David Jones reminded analytically inclined scholars and dramatic critics, Pinter was one of the "great comic writers": The trap with Harold's work, for performers and audiences, is to approach it too earnestly or portentously.
I have always tried to interpret his plays with as much humor and humanity as possible. There is always mischief lurking in the darkest corners. The world of The Caretaker is a bleak one, its characters damaged and lonely. But they are all going to survive.
And in their dance to that end they show a frenetic vitality and a wry sense of the ridiculous that balance heartache and laughter. Funny, but not too funny. As Pinter wrote, back in Beyond that point, it ceases to be funny, and it is because of that point that I wrote it. His dramatic conflicts present serious implications for his characters and his audiences, leading to sustained inquiry about "the point" of his work and multiple "critical strategies" for developing interpretations and stylistic analyses of it.
Pinter's unpublished manuscripts and letters to and from him are held in the Harold Pinter Archive in the Modern Literary Manuscripts division of the British Library. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Pinter, see Pinter surname. Lady Antonia Fraser m. Harold Pinter and politics. Honours and awards to Harold Pinter. Art, Truth and Politics.
Harold Pinter and academia. List of works by Harold Pinter. Retrieved 18 January Woolf, Henry 12 July Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 26 June Pinter's memorial epistolary poem "Joseph Brearley — Teacher of English ", published in his collection Various Voices , ends with the following stanza: A Life of Joe Brearley. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center. University of Texas at Austin. He admitted it was a "strange" piece for him to have written. Retrieved 5 December The New York Times.
Baker, and Watkins, in Watkins, ed. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 29 January Pinter's paternal grandmother's maiden name was Baron. He also used the name for an autobiographical character in the first draft of his novel The Dwarfs. Retrieved 30 January I was the midwife saying, 'Push, Harold, push,' but the act of creation took place elsewhere and the baby would have been born anyway.
Archived from the original PDF on 1 January Archived from the original on 22 June Retrieved 29 June An impassioned artist who lost direction on the political stage". Theater's angry old man". The known and the unknown". Retrieved 27 June The Wall Street Journal. The idea that he was a dissenting figure only in later life ignores the politics of his early work. Pinter, Harold — Credits". Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original MSWord on 3 July Times Digital Archive Retrieved 9 May Sheffield Theatres education resource.
Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 11 July British Library Press Release. Museums Arts and Libraries. Archived from the original on 27 July Let's Keep Fighting", Harold Pinter — Originally published in the New Statesman , archived at haroldpinter. Independent on Sunday , archived at haroldpinter. The New York Times archived at haroldpinter. The Financial Times archived at haroldpinter. True star of the screen". The Sunday Times archived at LexisNexis. Quick Reference", Sharp Cut — Retrieved 1 July Sleuth with Pinter, Branagh, Law and Caine".see url
Retrieved 31 January Remake or Revamping of Old Play". Archived from the original on 9 October Honors and Awards for Screenwriting", Sharp Cut n. Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 28 June From Pregnant Pauses to Political Causes" — Retrieved 4 May Johnston Press Digital Publishing.
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Harold Pinter Society Newsletter Print. Fraser, Must You Go? Harold Pinter Memorial Celebration". The City University of New York. No Man's Land at the Duke of York". Archived from the original on 17 January Shakespearean farewell to Pinter". The Stage Newspaper Limited.
Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 8 September Archived from the original on 6 September Government of the United Kingdom The Official London Theatre Guide. Toronto Festival Honors 14 Leaders in the Arts". He published more poetry before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. This war, which he discussed in Impressions de la guerre and La France , permanently damaged his health. During his career, Prudhomme gradually shifted from the sentimental style of his first books towards a more personal style which unified the formality of the Parnassus school with his interest in philosophical and scientific subjects.
The inspiration was clearly Lucretius 's De rerum natura , for the first book of which he made a verse translation. His philosophy was expressed in La Justice and Le Bonheur The extreme economy of means employed in these poems has, however, usually been judged as compromising their poetical quality without advancing their claims as works of philosophy.
After, Le Bonheur , Prudhomme turned from poetry to write essays on aesthetics and philosophy. He published two important essays: Sartre then, for these reasons, was not compelled to participate in the Spanish Civil War , and it took the invasion of his own country to motivate him into action and to provide a crystallization of these ideas. It was the war that gave him a purpose beyond himself, and the atrocities of the war can be seen as the turning point in his public stance. The war opened Sartre's eyes to a political reality he had not yet understood until forced into continual engagement with it: In , after the group disbanded, Sartre joined a writers' Resistance group,  in which he remained an active participant until the end of the war.
He continued to write ferociously, and it was due to this "crucial experience of war and captivity that Sartre began to try to build up a positive moral system and to express it through literature". The symbolic initiation of this new phase in Sartre's work is packaged in the introduction he wrote for a new journal, Les Temps modernes , in October Here he aligned the journal, and thus himself, with the Left and called for writers to express their political commitment.
Sartre's philosophy lent itself to his being a public intellectual. He envisaged culture as a very fluid concept; neither pre-determined, nor definitely finished; instead, in true existential fashion, "culture was always conceived as a process of continual invention and re-invention. He did not dogmatically follow a cause other than the belief in human freedom , preferring to retain a pacifist's objectivity. It is this overarching theme of freedom that means his work "subverts the bases for distinctions among the disciplines".
Sartre systematically refused to keep quiet about what he saw as inequalities and injustices in the world. Following the Liberation the PCF were infuriated by Sartre's philosophy, which appeared to lure young French men and women away from the ideology of communism and into Sartre's own existentialism. In the late s Sartre supported the Maoists , a movement that rejected the authority of established communist parties.
In the aftermath of a war that had for the first time properly engaged Sartre in political matters, he set forth a body of work which "reflected on virtually every important theme of his early thought and began to explore alternative solutions to the problems posed there". In Sartre's opinion, the "traditional bourgeois literary forms remain innately superior", but there is "a recognition that the new technological 'mass media' forms must be embraced" if Sartre's ethical and political goals as an authentic, committed intellectual are to be achieved: The struggle for Sartre was against the monopolising moguls who were beginning to take over the media and destroy the role of the intellectual.
His attempts to reach a public were mediated by these powers, and it was often these powers he had to campaign against. He was skilled enough, however, to circumvent some of these issues by his interactive approach to the various forms of media, advertising his radio interviews in a newspaper column for example, and vice versa. The role of a public intellectual can lead to the individual placing himself in danger as he engages with disputed topics. In Sartre's case, this was witnessed in June , when a plastic bomb exploded in the entrance of his apartment building.
His public support of Algerian self-determination at the time had led Sartre to become a target of the campaign of terror that mounted as the colonists' position deteriorated. A similar occurrence took place the next year and he had begun to receive threatening letters from Oran, Algeria. Sartre wrote successfully in a number of literary modes and made major contributions to literary criticism and literary biography.
His plays are richly symbolic and serve as a means of conveying his philosophy. The best-known, Huis-clos No Exit , contains the famous line "L'enfer, c'est les autres", usually translated as "Hell is other people. In this way, Roads to Freedom presents a less theoretical and more practical approach to existentialism. John Huston got Sartre to script his film Freud: Some philosophers argue that Sartre's thought is contradictory. Specifically, they believe that Sartre makes metaphysical arguments despite his claim that his philosophical views ignore metaphysics.
Herbert Marcuse criticized Being and Nothingness for projecting anxiety and meaninglessness onto the nature of existence itself: Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory. Existentialism says existence precedes essence. In this statement he is taking existentia and essentia according to their metaphysical meaning, which, from Plato's time on, has said that essentia precedes existentia.
Sartre reverses this statement. But the reversal of a metaphysical statement remains a metaphysical statement.
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With it, he stays with metaphysics, in oblivion of the truth of Being. The philosophers Richard Wollheim and Thomas Baldwin have argued that Sartre's attempt to show that Sigmund Freud 's theory of the unconscious is mistaken was based on a misinterpretation of Freud. Intellectuals associated with the political right allege that Sartre's politics are indicative of authoritarianism.
Anderson denounced Sartre as an apologist for tyranny and terror and a supporter of Stalinism , Maoism , and Castro's regime in Cuba. Sartre, who stated in his preface to Frantz Fanon 's The Wretched of the Earth that, "To shoot down a European is to kill two birds with one stone, to destroy an oppressor and the man he oppresses at the same time: Walzer suggests that Sartre, a European, was a hypocrite for not volunteering to be killed. The critic, poet, essayist and philosopher Clive James excoriated Sartre in his book of mini biographies Cultural Amnesia James attacks Sartre's philosophy as being "all a pose".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sartre disambiguation. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Portraits Situations V: Colonialism and Neocolonialism Situations VI: Autour de Situations IX: France portal Biography portal. Key Themes and Thinkers. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 27 October The Transcendence of the Ego. Birchall, Sartre against Stalinism , Berghahn Books, , p. Retrieved 2 March Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
Ethics for an Age of Commerce. University of Chicago Press. Baird 22 July Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 18 October A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination.
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Archived from the original on 18 June La philosophie, l'Etat, la fin de l'histoire, Paris: A Life , pp. Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 20 November In the shadow of Sartre. Harper Torchbooks, xiv. A Biography New York: Touchstone Book, , pp. Existentialism in America, — Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 7. University of Nebraska Press. Sartre, Self-formation, and Masculinities. Northwestern University Press, Search for Freedom and the Challenge of History, rev. Monthly Review, , p.