The rapid adoption of smartphones and tablet devices is responsible for much of that growth. Although the majority of these products also have 3G access, connection speeds can be erratic. Downloading or sending files can take an excruciatingly long time, and chomp through monthly data allowances with alarming speed. So should councils provide a free public Wi-Fi?
Is that really a justifiable expenditure for councils in the current economic climate? Proponents argue that the benefits outweigh the costs of installing and maintaining a public network. It can provide internet access for people that could not otherwise afford it, help tourists avoid crippling data roaming charges and navigate around a city, and drive shoppers into particular city centre areas.
But with council budgets slashed to the bone many see it as a non-essential service. Indeed, a pioneering free Wi-Fi scheme run by the London borough of Islington recently fell victim to government cuts. A Wi-Fi "technology mile" was launched by the council in Wireless transmitters were attached to lampposts along Upper Street and Holloway Road, creating a 4km "hotzone" of free access. In , the scheme was extended to 10, local authority homes in Islington's Canonbury ward, and further expansion to other social housing sites were planned.
But the project came to an abrupt end in March. I am afraid that maintaining a free Wi-Fi service in Upper St has had to be sacrificed in order to support more important priorities. Swindon council's ambitious free public Wi-Fi service ran into difficulties before it was even launched. There are hopes that UK Broadband and Capita will be able to step in with a replacement scheme: But unlike the failed Digital City project it is unlikely to be a free service — at least in the short term.
Other councils have had more success with their free public Wi-Fi networks. On 14 November, part of York's city centre was turned into a free Wi-Fi zone. It is hoped the scheme will boost visitor numbers and help local businesses. Each of the wireless access point units connects into the council's existing city-wide dark fibre network. Alexander hopes it will help "put York on the map" as a hub of digital innovation.
So how much has all this cost? There are no ongoing costs at the moment, although clearly there will have to be some maintenance done and so on. We're looking at European regional development funds to see whether they can match our funding, and if they can we may be able to put out a stronger and even greater area of offer. Bristol City Council has also expanded its free Wi-Fi offering. It was a big house divided up into small apartments so none of them had a phone line for internet access, this was a problem for his tenants and I had a solution which wouldn't cost him anything so he agreed.
The fastest Internet speed in that area was 18Mbs which wasn't amazing but it was good enough. July My town is very hilly which is not good for building a large wifi network but the house was a very tall one and on one of the tallest hills so that was great. Since I wouldn't be there to stop people just plugging their computers into the router and getting free access and gaining access to the building was difficult I decided to have the phone line, equipment and power installed into an exterior lockable electrical box on the ground floor on the outside of the building. The installation of the main unit on the roof was easier than I though it would be due to the height.
There was access to a small safe flat part of the roof via one of the apartments and easy access to the chimney where the unit would be mounted on a pole. I hired a TV aerial installation company who supplied and fitted the pole, the guy had never installed or seen a wifi hotspot before so I worked with him running cables and explaining the setup.
Luckily there was a drainpipe, which went straight from the top of the roof down the bottom of the building, we just tied a weight to the cable and let it drop! The cable is special waterproof outdoor UV protected, stronger than standard Ethernet cable and since it only carries a low voltage there is no risk of electric shock. I hired someone because I wanted a good job done and someone who was insured as it wasn't my property, if you can do it yourself and save some money then great!
I had the cable pre crimped with the RJ45 connectors at each end which meant I had to make a hole in the box large enough to put it through which wasn't ideal. It would have been better to just make a small hole for the cable about 6mm and then crimp the connector when inside the box but I didn't know how to then. I am now practising how to do it so that on the next install, if the cable has to be run through walls I only need a 6mm or 7mm hole drilled.
Below I will put a video on how to crimp a ethernet cable and the tools needed. August No customers Sept No customers. I get a letter from the Internet provider saying that fiber optic broadband is available now! It is almost the same price but now with 35Mbs Download and 10Mbs upload speeds! October No customers. I realise people aren't just going to find it, I need to advertise. I get some flyers printed up and put them through letterboxes of houses within range of the main unit. Early November No customers.
I call the company I use and asked for advice, they suggest I offer some free service. So in addition to the paid for access I let people use it for 1 hour per day for free. Late November One person has used the service, for free for 12 minutes! Ok not made any money yet but people are finding it and using it, the first step!
And this guy was not in an area that I had delivered flyers, which was good, it also showed the range was better than expected. Early December I amend the flyers with stickers to say there is now free access and start delivering them to a wider area around the hotspot. One guy who lives in the house where the main unit is calls me after seeing the flyer and say he wants to use it but cannot see the signal. I contact the landlord and ask if I can put a repeater unit in the house.
There is a power point in a communal hallway so I fix the unit there, it connects to the main unit and now the signal in the house is very strong. I check the management system later that day and there are more people using it for free!!! Mid December Woo-Hoo!!! Two people have paid for 30 days access! Late December More paying customers!!!! January I start looking for new locations to put the repeater units on Gumtree similar to Craigslist , finding people who are trying to make money from their house, renting out rooms, garages, parking spaces and see if they want to 'rent' out some of their roof space, most haven't even thought of it but like the idea!
I call the guy and explain what I want to do and offer some money for some roof space, he is happy as this means he is making some extra money which he didn't expect. And fiber optic broadband is available there too! I am now in the process of getting the broadband installed, check back for more updates!
This is exactly what I want, people who will pay for it every month to create a regular income instead of just occasional use. I am thinking about the new install site, the building is only a car garage and single storey with high buildings around it, not an ideal site but it has a phone line and power. They already have free WiFi there so I shouldn't have any trouble explaining the advantage of to them, you might think if they already have free wifi then why would they let me put another service in there?
Well the wifi they already have does not log users details so it leaves them open to risks if someone uses their service for illegal activities. Also the service is provided by a 'free hotspot' company but only seems to benefit the hotspot provider by having pay per click advertising on the landing page.
I will show them how, using my service I can rebrand it for their bar or have people redirected to their website. February This month has been a real headache, getting the internet installed at the new site has been lots of trouble and involved lots of waiting around in the cold, when the sun is shining you don't waiting a few hours outside but when its frosty and you can't feel your fingers and toes its not much fun! It seems to be taking ages too, the first engineer visit was about 2 or 3 weeks after I ordered it, then another week for them to check the line and install a new socket, then another 2 weeks until it is fully installed and with a working internet connection.
Also there have been a few 'bugs' in the system which means when people have paid they couldn't use their account which isn't good for business! I get an automated email saying the repeater until in the house is down which people who have paid are using , not good! I go to check it and swap it with another until in case it is faulty but still no luck. I check the main unit on the roof and check it but everything looks fine which means there is either a fault with the unit or antenna. I will have to replace it and send the old one back it is still under warranty.
I have replaced the main unit and this time used an 8dbi antenna instead of the 15dbi, the signal doesn't go so far a few miles but it gives better coverage in all directions, the signal is transmitted in more of a sphere so the signal reaches the lower floors better and the repeater units in the house give a better speed. The 8dbi is much smaller and cheaper so I think I might use them more, the 15dbi is ideal if the terrain is very flat but in a town with lots of buildings and hills using more smaller antennas I think is the way forward.
Finally got the internet installed at the new site took about 7 weeks from placing the order so now i just need to install the wifi unit and antenna, I still need to speak to the bar manager across the street about putting on unit on their bar but it looks hopeful. March The new unit with the 8dbi antenna is much better, the signal is stronger and better quality locally. There are two new users and looking at their postal codes like a zip code , one is meters away and the other one was meters away!
This is very good for outdoors but in an urban environment with buildings and other radio interference it even surprised me! This is an excellent way to increase coverage, you will get one extra customer and hopefully a few more who are within range of the unit. May I am still really busy and have only had time to put up the brackets at the new site, I have everything I need now except time!
I have had a few more customers and lots of people using the free hour per day access. I have been doing lots of business networking trying to get local businesses on board and most seem really interested and I keep getting invited to networking events, I think the time is just right now for this business as people are starting to realise the advantages of a citywide wifi network. I am at that difficult point of starting a business where it is not bringing in enough money yet to stop working a regular job which means I don't have enough spare time to put into the business to really push it forward, I am considering getting a loan so I can use that money to pay bills so I can take a month off work to concentrate on building the wifi network.
June I moved house twice this month so been very busy and had no time to do anything else. July Still not much progress in getting more units up, I am still working full time and the little spare time I have seems to be taken up with chores. My advice to anyone considering a similar project is that you need a decent amount of start up cash, lots of free time and no family or friends!
Mid July Ok, so I'm a bit more positive than I was in my last post, I have managed to get a small cash advance, not enough to take time off work but enough for about another 10 or 15 units. The next day someone signed up for 90 days access from the new unit! August Another month and little progress. However it does look like I should be putting the equipment up at the new site next week which will be good. It will be interesting to see the usage trends as it is a different type of area, just off a main shopping street, not my ideal location as I doubt many people will whip out their credit card in the street to pay for access when they go to buy milk.
How to Build a Large Citywide WiFi Hotspot/Zone
Also the type of area will have a large number of people seeing the network so it will be good and free advertising too. Mid August Finally got the unit up at the new site today! It was good to finally get it up but I think it could have been a bit higher to be honest. I just estimated the height it needed to be to be level with the roof tops of the surrounding buildings. I should have used a helium balloon and a long piece of string to measure the correct height. The pole is about 25ft in total, anything above that it would have needed guy wires and there isn't anywhere to attach them to.
However as it is mainly a back haul unit I will be able to easily place a few more units on higher surrounding buildings to get good coverage. Just 2 days after installing the unit at the new site one person has used the free access! It took about 5 months and flyers last time to get people to start using it so it is encouraging news! For those who don't know, 4G is fourth generation mobile service, first there was analogue, like a radio, then digital and then 3G also called mobile broadband and then there is 4G which basically provides wireless internet connection with speeds comparable to fibre.
This is a concern for anyone running or planning on running a WiFi service like the one detailed in this guide. The general consensus is that you can't ignore it but it isn't a major issue. I don't have all the details about the 4G service or plans here yet but will detail more soon. September The new site is going well, as it is opposite a bar there are lots of people using it, not many paying as expected but works really well as advertising. Also the bar owner contacted me and asked if they could advertise the wifi service in their bar!
So getting a few units on their building to boost coverage shouldn't be to much trouble now especially as it will benefit them too. October Well this month has not been good. I will post more detailed info later when I have more time. Also mobile 4G will be here in the UK sooner than expected however with a lot of controversy between the major mobile operators which will hopefully slow its introduction and increase costs which will benefit WISP's November OK, firstly I'll talk about 4G.
Only one mobile operator is currently offering 4G services almost as a test I think. There will be an auction for the 4G radio spectrum later this year which means the other operators will be bidding and competing for it, it is not expected to cost as much as the 3G spectrum which most operators believe they paid too much for, however it is an auction so no one knows really. Also when reading comments on news stories about 4G most people say they just want a decent 3G service and are not too bothered about 4G, this is of course not an accurate measurement but it gives you an idea to the levels of demand for this service.
This month has not been good, there was a problem with one internet connection which served lots of customers, it took about 3 weeks to fix and then the company I use who supply equipment and handle users accounts has merged with another company and despite assurances that 'nothing would change' everything has changed. After they merged users could not get online and the new company says they can't help until I get a contract with them which can't happen until January!
This is good if you have lots of customers as you will make more money but when you only have a small network with a limited number of customers it is an extra expense. I am considering finding another company but this might mean getting new equipment and re-installations or even doing it by myself by finding some good WiFi hotspot software, this way I could just reprogramme the equipment I have installed. I am still weighing up my options. January Happy New Year! New year, new start.
I have decided to go it alone, not because I really want to but because by using a 'billing partner' the costs have become too high. I have found a new system which is very simliar to the one provided by my billing partner except the new system is free to use.
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I can still charge customers for access, view usage and real time feedback on each node. The best part is that other equipment is supported including Engenius products which I have in my network. I can just flash my existing installed equipment with the new firmware and then use it on the new system. I will do this in the next few days and post the results. As this is becoming more technical I will do a glossary of the terminology used soon. The new system, as with most simliar systems consists of three parts. I am using the existing equipment I have already installed.
The benefit of this system is that you can buy the equipment from www. Also if like me you already have equipment then you can flash it with the open-mesh firmware. Most equipment which uses an Atheros chip can be flashed with the open-mesh firmware, there are lists of supported devices online and the forums will often tell you if your device will work or not.
I will list the sites for more detail as they have good tutorials and explanations. I am going to talk to the local shop owners and see if they are prepared to share some of their internet connections or have a repeater unit on their shop. Some of the bars there already have free WiFi so I'm hoping they will understand the benefits. I'm planning on going down and talking to them soon so will post the results of how it goes.
February I went and spoke to the shopkeepers in the shopping area I mentioned above and most seemed happy with the idea, some didn't even ask many questions, they just said go ahead!
Obviously I need an internet connection, more than one really and some of the shopkeepers said they would let me use their's but it was really slow, around 3MB and for that reason they said no. Genrally though I feel it went well and plan on starting the installations soon. April There isn't much change since my last post, partly due to the bad weather but mostly due to a lack of funds and finding places to install more equipment.
I actually have about 5 units sitting in storage but no site to put them, yet. I didn't really expect that many people to pay for it either and I need to concentrate on getting more money coming into the business to expand it. I think I will wait until fibre is installed in that area and then go for it. At first this sounds bad but when they told me that Amazon only use a MB leased line you can start to understand the difference.
This speed is guaranteed, a direct link between the socket at the property where it is installed and the telephone exchange, is is not shared. When talking about standard internet connections that you get at home there is something called 'Contention' or 'Contention ratio'. So if everyone is online at the same time you are really only getting 1MB! Ratios are usually Well the lower the price the more people you are sharing it with, 16MB between 20 people streaming HD isn't that great really!
It has only been a few days but it looks good, meshing well with the other Engenius units with a mesh speed of about 45 Mbps. I only had time to check it was working and didn't do any extensive testing but since I haven't had any phone calls or emails from customers no news is good news!
I assume all is well with the system. If you notice a gap between May and August and wonder what's going on, well nothing much really which is why I haven't updated. Ok, so August When using the Engenius products before I would be at a customers house for about an hour resetting and restarting the units until they connected and sometime even when they did it was a pretty poor connection. The OM2P connected straight away with a really good speed, I was in and out in five minutes! Sorry this has not been updated much recently but to be honest, not much has really changed since the last update.
Happy new year, again! Wow the time really does fly, it has been almost four and half years since I started this venture and I have learned a lot in that time! Again I'm afraid I don't have a huge amount of new information to add, things are still pretty much the same, ticking along. As I predicted the introduction of 4G hasn't affected the WiFi business too much, mobile data is still expensive and people will always want to use the Internet as cheaply as possible.
In fact just after Christmas when lots of people got a table as a present I noticed a rise in the WiFi network usage and more revenue. I also received a comment on one of my pages about monetizing a free WiFi hotspot by showing the user a short 30 second video after they connect to the network, like they have on YouTube videos.
I really think this is a good idea and will investigate some options, basically provide free WiFi and earn money from it! This is what I use and it is great but it does have limitations, the distance between each unit is maybe just a few hundred meters, you can add more repeaters but each 'hop' when the signal goes from one unit to the next reduces the speed by half. So as an example, your gateway is connected to a Mb line, the first 'hop' will drop your speed to 50Mb, then 25MB, then And if one unit in the chain fails or is switched off all the other units after it will fail.
So how do we get a link 1km or 2 km away without using loads of repeaters? We use 5Ghz point to point PTP links. WiFi uses the 2. There have been cases where city WiFi networks were installed in the winter, worked fine and then when the leaves starting growing on the trees again in the spring the water in the leaves absorbed the signal and the system crashed! The 5Ghz spectrum is not so badly affected by water and is not so widely used so it is much better for providing back hauls.
Obviously you will need two 5Ghz units, one 5Ghz unit connected to the internet and another one at the other end connected to a 2.
I will post diagram below. By using 5Ghz you can get a link 1km away with just two 5Ghz units instead of five or six 2. To get the range each 5Ghz unit needs to be pointing directly using internal or external directional antennas at each other so if you want degree coverage you will need 3 or 4 units mounted on one pole. So when you want to bring coverage to another site 1 or 2 km away you just put up another 5Ghz unit on the roof and point it at the pole with the 3 or 4 units and run the cable down into the building connected to a 2.
This unit from Ubiquiti uses the 5Ghz frequency which is less congested than the 2. You will need two units to create a link one at each end. Most devices cannot connect to 5Ghz range so you will need to connect it to a 2. I have not used this yet but will do on my next install and post results.
I have however only seen good reviews online and had it recommended by other WiFi professionals. If high speed internet is available in a town a few Km away and you can get a good clear light of sight no obstructions in the way you could use two long range point to point wifi antennas to bring high speed internet to your town. The setup costs can be pretty low. Each unit can be a Gateway or repeater, you can move units around and just add more as you need them. It supports PoE Power over ethernet for outside installations or multi gateway networks. The unit comes pre flashed with the open mesh firmware, just add it to the Cloudtrax dashboard and your network is up and running in minutes!
I have written a more detailed page about the Open-Mesh Routers here. The indoor unit covers the plug socket and hides the unit to make it look neat and tidy and to prevent theft. The unit has two fittings so it can be fixed to a wall or ceiling without the enclosures. It took me a while to learn how to do everything but once I got the hang of it flashing equipment only took me a few minutes. I have made a 'how to' video for anyone else wanting to install Open-Mesh firmware on a supported router.
If like me your equipment is installed on a rooftop or tower you can flash it from the ground via the ethernet cable. This is useful if you already have some equipment, installed or in storage you may be able to re flash it with the Open-Mesh firmware and use it on your Cloudtrax network without having to buy any more equipment. You will need to learn how to do this if installing units yourself as you will probably have to run cable through walls and floors and cannot really do that with the plug on the end.
Also you will probably not know how long the cable needs to be before you start the install so cannot buy pre terminated cable. It only took me an evening to perfect it. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Thanks for your comment, yes I agree some of the figures may need updating, this article is a few years old now. I have just been busy with other projects.
But I'm sure you are aware of contention ratios, and there are still many streets here in the UK where 40 or 50 households are effectively sharing a single Mb line, i. And if they are all trying to stream HD content at the same time it would be insufficient. Basically a good up selling technique! People expect to be able to stream using Wifi and Netflix recommends 5Mbps per device to stream HD video. We do campgrounds that need , Mpbs for just camp sites. So the bandwidth guidelines put forward in your plan will fall way short when deployed.
You will need Mbps for 6 people, not 1. I am wanting build a wifi network for surfers in an event in the ocean, wearing a device that requires wifi connection. What would be your advice here? As it is outdoors, they will be up to m away line of site. Curious to see how best to do this. Thought i was alone with all the suffering and struggles. I've lost many of my friends but well, its life. Do what you love. Respect Your Hustle too. Wow,this is an inspiration Mine took 1 full year for it to get a paying customer,am thinking of expanding it.
Thanks alot for this piece spaceshanty. Salam Ali, It is impossible for me to estimate the cost without knowing the type of terrain, type of buildings in the area, level of radio interference and equipment you want to use. It is possible to cover this area and number of people but I would not be able to give you an amount, I would expect it to be in the millions of dollars range.
Is it possible to cover around square kilometer for 5 million people? Hi, I would like to install multi-functional units in schools across South Africa. These routers will have to be compatible with solar energy and may need to connect around students at a time with a daily data cap per day and an option for them to buy more as a monthly package that may be included in the school fee. What type of router would I need I doubt i would need repeaters. I am planning to set up a large wifi Hotspot for county governments and would like your input and expertise on this area.
The setup infrastructure is using street lighting poles powered by solar enrgy,thus the quipment to be used have to be compatible with solar energy. I Am planning to make a Wifi hotspot mt around. Here will be more that users available. So please hellp meee how i can start a Wifi. A question -- I need to setup a wifi network for an RV park in Arizona. The park is small, measuring approx feet x feet.
I've been reading up on these Open Mesh routers and can't figure out how many of them I'll need to get consistent coverage throughout the park. Any suggestions would be appreciated! Just a quick question though, how would you combat legalities with clients who often perform illegal activities on your network? I imagine a coffee shop or any other public wifi would face the same issue, but what happens when a user is doing something extremely illegal? We are trying to setup WiFi over a city in India.
Please let me know how can we do it and who are local partners to work on this. I'm a Nigerian entrepreneur, and this product is not yet here. Want to know more about it n how I can invest. Please give me your private email. Or what I can reach u with frequently. I'd love to know the approximate cost of setting up a super fast Wi-Fi network like your to provide about K People in a city. I am currently doing a project on Long range WiFi to ensure user mobility even in difficult areas you know what I mean.
The typical example being a University with multiple campuses at different locations with a distance of over 1, from one another. So could there be any specific mesh antenna that could help interconnect the campuses that are actually using the same network and ofcourse the same ISP. Is it possible to disable tethering on phones using your hotspot or sharing your wifi eg. I am from bangladesh. First of all, Iam damn happy about the facts and information given by you.
Hats-off to your afforts for making this article best.. Now, basically iam from India. About an year ago, i came across this plan but didnt feel like good cause i felt it little unorganised. Later, few days ago i just cameback with same plan and this i surfed along the google in order to see if there is someone who propsed this type of idea aldready. I found u finally who can help me!!
If yes, my doubt is what eaxctly is the purpose of these huge access points?? Just using these 8 to 10 huge gateways, will i be able to provide the best internet service to the people who live with in these boundaries? Or am i supposed to place these in order to avoid the deducing of internet capacity from one repeater to another? The PTP units are like an invisible Ethernet cables and do not need to be registered. If other APs are running the same Openmesh firmware then yes they should work.
You can use one tower but will need more than one AP, WiFi only has a range of meters. Thank you for this art. I don't know if I understand correctly. So you set the antenna with wifi, somebody get a signal, but his laptop is to week to use it normaly, he call you, you "rent" him an AP with router which also provide internet to other? So the only "sending" antenna with wifi is ok? Or its not a wifi yet, only point to point? Also the wifi router is usually veeery small range machine. Only one flat per one router. Hi, Thank you very much for the sharing. Really appreciate your patience on writing all these.
I have questions, how does this router fit into the entire picture of providing WIFI to a large area? Let say I have a router call it router A that has internet connection, this router A has 4 Ethernet ports. Can I connect the Open-Mesh router to either of these ports? Then broadcast the WIFI signal to neighborhood? I would really love to talk to you. I am planning a city wide network and would love to hear your feedback. Brilliant info an very motivating as well.
How to Build a Large Citywide WiFi Hotspot/Zone | TurboFuture
I am planning to do something similar in West Africa within the business district 1. You have provided a good base and also motivation for the the possible challenges. I will get cracking and revert for any additioal info. Sanjay, This guide is over 10, words, please read it throughout and I will be happy to answer any specific questions you have. Can i provide it with one tower centrally for 0. Thanks for all the easy to read and follow information you have provided. You said 1Mb speed can be used by up to 6 people for decent browsing.
That suggestion, does it apply even when everyone is streaming video? Afe, Starting a project like this is not easy but if you start small you will begin to learn quickly and then you will be able to scale the network. Firstly you will need to find an ISP which allows resale of service, look for business Internet providers, the best one you can afford, ideally one that offers an 'uncontended' or 1: Satellite broadband is always a possibility but from the research I have done it is usually slow and expensive, but you should research this for yourself as it may have improved recently.
I am very interested in this, I am tech savvy but don't know much about networking. My problem starts from the the top so I am getting a little discouraged already. How do I find an ISP to use? Is it possible to find a global ISP powered by satelites? Please my email is otejiri msn. Don't blame me if my question is vague, like I said earlier I am not grounded on networking but I am extremely interested in setting a hotspot with 1km coverage. Pls email me so I can ask more. You can use your single 1: If you have a customer 1km away you can use 2.
Point to point links will only lose a small about of speed unlike meshing or each hop which cuts the speed in half. I am very concern about the size of the mesh; you mention it was a better idea to have a strong 1: If I want to go beyond, speed will cut in half per each hop. Not to mention that you shouldtn add more than 5 repeaters on each gateway. Lets say that I have an internet service of 50mb 1: In my case there are 2 houses every suare meters.
So in summary I will only have two potential customers. This approach will make me lose money since I cant go over meters with my 50mb 1: This is very very dissapointing, since I was expecting to cover at least 1km , basic math will tell me that I need 5 gateways, which means 5 diffrente internet contracts to an ISP. I read on the open mesh website an example with a big hotel that endup with about repeaters to cober wifi in its building, basic math will say that they also needed to pay for at least 10 extra gateways.
Or to put it in other terms, when using open-mesh my 50mb 1: Your idea sounds good, everyone wants faster internet! If you want to use it with the Cloudtrax system you will just need to flash it with the Open-Mesh firmware. Hi, Could you please post your questions here so everyone can benefit from the answers. I can help with specific questions but cannot provide "full details" as this would be weeks worth of work. Hi, the average outdoor range of wifi is about M so you will need a unit every M, you can use repeaters but you cannot repeat the signal more than 3 times without loosing speed and quality.
I am planning to start a Internet service provider only with Wi-Fi connectivity in my town, town size will be around 50km radios, is it possible if yes what are req for this need full details on it I m Mukesh Beniwal from Haryana India. I want to create small hotspot wifi zone in my village that cover m area from my home. So any customer connect with wifi and use internet. So any one can help me what i do for this. This thing helped me. I am going for this project in my town. However I need some help. My email is kchabata gmail.