Like other slow lorises, it has a wet nose rhinarium , a round head, flat face, large eyes, small ears, a vestigial tail, and dense, woolly fur. The toxin it secretes from its brachial gland a scent gland in its arm differs chemically from that of other slow loris species and may be used to communicate information about sex, age, health, and social status. The Bengal slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal , occurring in both evergreen and deciduous forests.
It prefers rainforests with dense canopies , and its presence in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem.
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It is a seed disperser and pollinator, as well as a prey item for carnivores. Its diet primarily consists of fruit, but also includes insects, tree gum, snails, and small vertebrates. In winter, it relies on plant exudates, such as sap and tree gum. The species lives in small family groups, marks its territory with urine, and sleeps during the day by curling up in dense vegetation or in tree holes.
The species is listed as " Vulnerable " on the IUCN Red List , and is threatened with extinction due to a growing demand in the exotic pet trade and traditional medicine. It is one of the most common animals sold in local animal markets. In traditional medicine, it is primarily used by wealthy to middle-class, urban women following childbirth, but also to treat stomach problems, broken bones, and sexually transmitted diseases. It is also hunted for food and suffers from habitat loss. Wild populations have declined severely, and it is locally extinct in several regions.
It is found within many protected areas throughout its range, but this does not protect them from rampant poaching and illegal logging. Critical conservation issues for this species include enhancing protection measures, stricter enforcement of wildlife protection laws, and increased connectivity between fragmented protected areas. Nycticebus bengalensis , commonly known as the Bengal slow loris or northern slow loris,  is a strepsirrhine primate in the slow loris genus, Nycticebus.
Formerly considered a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris N. To help clarify species and subspecies boundaries, and to establish whether morphology -based classifications were consistent with evolutionary relationships, the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Nycticebus have been investigated using DNA sequences derived from the mitochondrial markers D loop and cytochrome b.
Although most of the recognized lineages of Nycticebus including N. The authors suggest that this result may be explained by introgressive hybridization , as the tested individuals of these two taxa originated from a region of sympatry in southern Thailand; the precise origin of one of the N. The Bengal slow loris is the largest species of slow loris, weighing 1 to 2. Its forearm and hand are almost white. The limbs of the pelvis vary in color from brown to nearly white, and the feet are always pale. Moulting may cause seasonal variations in the color of the dorsal surface.
Its second toe on the hind foot has a curved " toilet-claw " that the animal uses for scratching and grooming, while the other nails are straight.
In addition to being smaller than the Bengal slow loris, the sympatric Sunda slow loris also differs in its coloring: The Bengal slow loris has a small swelling on the ventral side of its elbow called the brachial gland, which secretes a pungent, clear oily toxin that the animal uses defensively by wiping it on its toothcomb. The most predominant component was the phenolic compound m -cresol. The preferred habitats of the Bengal slow loris range across tropical and subtropical regions, and include evergreen and semi-evergreen rainforests with forest edges and continuous, dense canopies. The species acts as an important seed disperser and pollinator, as well as a prey item for several carnivores.
Hunting and trading tigers were banned in , and tigers were declared a rare and completely protected species in In fact, May 13, Agence France Presse reported the first confirmed sighting along the Sino-Vietnamese border in decades when a large tiger appeared with a roar and sent terrified villagers scurrying up trees for safety. There have been only a few scattered sightings of tigers or even tiger tracks in Vietnam since While we all know that Vietnam was a very unusual war, I doubt that many people would believe that Vietnam's tiger population was a beneficiary.
But during the Vietnam wars, it was claimed that tiger populations and tiger attacks increased dramatically due to the many unburied bodies. After all, tigers are known scavengers that feed at old kills, whether their own or not. There were also many tiger sightings by U. The pound man-eating tiger attacked swiftly and silently, and the first warning the six-man patrol had was screaming from one of the four sleeping Marines. Startled while feeding on the man by the other Marines, the tiger started dragging its prey away before it was killed.
The lucky victim was medivaced suffering lacerations and bites on the neck. In another incident in , a Marine in an ambush position in dense bush felt a tug on his leg and saw a large shape in the black night. Their buddy was released just slightly the worse for wear.
According to SOP, they relocated their ambush, taking the dead pound tiger with them so that they could extract it the next day. Alas, the monsoon meant that choppers couldn't get up that day, so their focus shifted to preserving the corpse before it started rotting.
Fortunately, one of the fellows in the rear radioed that tannic acid, used for curing hides, was contained in urine. The next day, a very smelly carcass made it back to base still in shape for photographs. Around the third week of May , two weeks after the LZ Betty perimeter was penetrated by enemy soldiers in two places, Frenchy Lagimoniere and two other soldiers of B Company, 1st Battalion Mechanized , 50th Infantry were assigned to pull night guard duty on Bunker 4.
They manned the bunker at around 6 p. At around 11 p. He alerted the others and searched carefully through the starlight scope to find the source. He remembered that night, "As I was looking for whatever made the noise a dark blur flashed in front of my lens followed by a white blur. This happened a couple of times while I was trying to get a fix on what was going on. Then I caught sight of a lizard about 6 feet long trying to scurry away from something. As I looked to my right, I saw a tiger crouched down lying in the elephant grass.
Every time the lizard would move the tiger would pounce on it and slap it around like a toy animal. This happened over and over again. I pointed this out to the other guys on the bunker and we took turns watching. During the half hour this went on, others from the greenline also observed the tiger.
Then it was gone. I was now certain that the enemy was advancing on our position, I couldn't hold out any longer, I keyed the radio "two Pings for alert" and waited for the conformation Key "one Ping one Ping only" then I woke up Jim Stead. Jim was pissed, he had only been asleep for a half hour or so and he awoke to find that his legs were crawling with leaches.source link
Bengal slow loris
This distracted Jim's concentration for a few moments while he pulled off those "damn slimy worms from hell". You just can't pull a leach off of you, if the head stays in the wound you'll get an infection, and infections in the jungle can lead to some very serious medical problems.
A lighted match head will force a leach to pull out, but we couldn't light matches while posting at night, so we used salt from our C Rations, which worked real good on those buggers.
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So Stead is still pulling off leaches and I'm trying to find a target, a few moments had gone by, when all of a sudden we heard one hell of a scream, I had never heard a sound like this before. Right after the squeal, and again along with another loud squeal, there was a another sound, a loud guttural, growling sound. This whole thing lasted for only a minute or two and then there was silence. By now the entire 3rd platoon was awake and on alert, trying to figure out what the hell we had just heard. It wasn't until daybreak that we figured out most of what had happened.
While many of the other guys were relieving themselves of leaches the leaches had gotten almost everyone sleeping during the early morning hours , a few of us decided to see if we could find out what all the ruckus had been. We ventured out and forward of our position, following the trail further up the hill, but we found nothing. So our Platoon Sgt decided to go back to my position and fan out and search the jungle, which proved to be a good plan.
Bengal slow loris
Approximately 30 meters from my old position we came across a small, open platform, with a thatched roof. It appeared that t his platform had been erected by the VC for rice storage in preparation for an offensive. Approximately 5 feet off the ground there was a bamboo shelf that contained several 30 lb burlap bags of rice.
We surmised that a wild Boar had been killed by something, something big, powerful, and very hungry! After an entire morning of searching the jungle, we had located several of these rice stores, so HQ decided to confiscate the rice and give it back to the villages in the valley.